A Policy Plan for Policing in America

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Redesigning Public Safety: Traffic Safety Recommendations


Reimagining St. Louis

Reimagining Public Safety in the City of St. Louis: A Vision for Change, April 2022


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A Roadmap for Exploring New Models of Funding Public Safety identifies the steps to structure the conversation on reallocating public safety resources. It will not be a perfect fit in every city. It is not exhaustive. But the principles outlined can serve as a jumping-off point for conversations about how to reimagine public safety and what an investment in vulnerable communities might look like.

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White Supremacy in Policing: How Law Enforcement Agencies Can Respond is a set of guidelines to assist law enforcement agencies in responding to the entanglement of White supremacist and paramilitary gangs with law enforcement. The guidelines recommend concrete, actionable steps that  law enforcement agencies can take to reaffirm their commitment to justice and to identify and repudiate White supremacist and paramilitary gangs.


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Public Safety, Reimagined: Recommendations report following collaborative effort between the City of Ithaca & Tompkins County, N.Y.

The Reimagining Public Safety resolutions passed by the County and City of Ithaca, preamble documents, and the plan’s executive summary can be viewed in the following languages:

• Burmese (City Documents, County Documents)
• Karen (City Documents, County Documents)
• Spanish (City Documents, County Documents)
• Korean (City Documents, County Documents)
• Traditional Chinese (City Documents, County Documents)
• Simplified Chinese (City Documents, County Documents)

The documents are available at the links above and in the folder found at this link.


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Guiding Principles for Crowd Management is a set of guidelines designed to assist law enforcement agencies in aligning their policies with best practices around de-escalation and use of force in crowd management events. The guidelines are informed by both the obligation to protect the First Amendment rights of demonstrators and counter-demonstrators and the obligation to ensure the safety of all persons in or affected by these demonstrations. They also highlight the need to partner with community in determining and implementing effective crowd management strategies.


An abridged version of the Guiding Principles for Crowd Management can be found here: 

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Collecting, Analyzing, and Responding to Stop Data: A Guidebook for Law Enforcement Agencies, Government, and Communities is a joint project between the Center for Policing Equity and the Policing Project at New York University School of Law. The Guidebook offers best practices for implementing and evaluating stop data collection with the goal of guiding both legislative efforts and internal reforms within policing agencies. Comprehensive data about police stops can help to identify disparate outcomes and inform recommendations for improvement.

Re-imagining Public Safety: Prevent Harm and Lead with the Truth is a joint effort between the Center for Policing Equity and the Yale Justice Collaboratory. The goal is to highlight the policies that science and experience say have the best chance to make the most progress towards producing public safety systems that are both effective and align with our values. This is not an exhaustive list. But it does represent the policies we believe should lead the charge towards re-imagining public safety.

The National Initiative for Building Community Trust and Justice: Key Process and Outcome Evaluation Findings is the independent third-party validation of the DOJ-funded effort to create demonstration sites for what we know works to produce less burdensome and more equitable policing. The findings serve as initial evidence that a focus on procedural justice and the psychological roots of bias can change police behaviors in ways communities notice. The most important findings are that, during a period when the nation’s perception of racial bias in law enforcement increased, that perception decreased across the six cities that participated in the intervention. This was true even among Black residents in so-called “high-crime”  neighborhoods, all while residents’ ratings of police legitimacy and neighborhood safety increased.

Principles of Procedurally Just Policing is a collection of model policies for public safety agencies that desire to create a more procedurally just organization—both internally and externally. These policies are the result of both careful study and experience as part of the National Initiative for Building Community Trust and Justice.

The Final Report of the President’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing and The President’s Task Force on 21st Century Policing Implementation Guide are the result of a months long intensive effort by a team of experts to produce a comprehensive path for aligning policing within the United States with the values of its residents—maintaining safety from violence while reducing bias and the loss of public legitimacy.

A Case Study in Hope documents the remarkable reduction in gun violence in Oakland and the ways in which a direct accounting for Oakland’s history of racially biased policing facilitated a watershed in community safety and made reconciliation between communities and law enforcement possible.

Legitimacy and Procedural Justice: A New Element of Police Leadership articulates both the principles and the practices of procedural justice in contrast to the deterrence model of policing. It is both a primer for those wanting to understand the concepts behind procedural justice and a playbook for those seeking to turn those principles into action.